Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, is a bacterial infection that impacts the gums and bone surrounding teeth. While many are familiar with its general notion, few realize that there are various types. Under the experienced guidance of Dr. Dan Thousand and Dr. Katelyn Fleming, patients can not only gain a deeper understanding but also receive top-tier treatment.


Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by plaque buildup on the teeth’s surface, leading to inflamed gums. Symptoms often include red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible through early detection and intervention. Regular dental cleanings, along with good oral hygiene practices, can restore gum health.

Chronic Periodontitis

Progressing from untreated gingivitis, chronic periodontitis is the most common form of gum disease. Gums recede and pockets form, increasing the risk of bone and tooth loss. At Periodontal Associates, we highlight the potential severity of this stage, suggesting that a combination of professional treatment and improved personal oral care can manage and sometimes even halt its progression.

Aggressive Periodontitis

As the name suggests, this form of gum disease progresses rapidly, affecting younger patients without the presence of significant plaque or tartar. Genetics might play a role in its development. Our periodontists and team have done extensive work in this area, ensuring that patients receive the aggressive treatment necessary to combat this aggressive disease.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

This is a severe form of periodontal disease, typically affecting individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV or malnutrition. It results in the death of gum tissue, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Dr. Fleming, renowned for his expertise in tackling challenging cases, is a leading figure in treating necrotizing periodontal disease.

Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Diseases

Certain diseases, like heart disease or diabetes, can lead to periodontal manifestations. These manifestations tend to occur at a younger age. The interdisciplinary approach ensures that such patients receive comprehensive care, treating not just the gums but addressing underlying health concerns.

Why Choose Periodontal Associates?

Simply put, the team is unparalleled in their dedication and expertise. With the combined wisdom of our periodontists, patients are guaranteed cutting-edge treatment plans tailored to their unique needs. Their reputation in managing and treating various periodontal diseases is unmatched.

Periodontal disease, while common, comes in several different forms, each requiring a specialized approach. With us, patients can rest assured knowing they are in capable hands. Call us at 303-795-5700 to schedule your periodontal treatment in Centennial, Colorado, today. Let us help you on your journey toward a better smile.